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From Scraper to Steam: The Evolution of the Wood Planer

Updated: Jan 17, 2023


Dewalt planer dw735x
Planer

A planer is a woodworking tool that is used to create a smooth, level surface on a piece of wood. It consists of a rotating drum or blade that removes wood shavings as the wood is passed through it. Planers have been an essential tool in the woodworking industry for centuries, and have undergone many changes and improvements over the years.


The earliest known planers were used by the ancient Egyptians, who used a tool called a "scraper" to smooth and level wood surfaces. This tool was made of bronze and had a sharp edge that was used to shave off wood shavings.


During the Middle Ages, planers were developed that used a series of iron blades mounted on a wooden frame. These planers were powered by hand and were used to create smooth surfaces on wooden beams and other building materials.


In the 19th century, the industrial revolution brought about significant changes in the woodworking industry. Planers were one of the tools that were most greatly impacted by these changes. Steam-powered planers were developed that were capable of producing much larger quantities of wood shavings than their hand-powered counterparts.


In the 20th century, planers became even more advanced with the development of electric motors and other modern technologies. Today, planers are an essential tool in any woodworking shop and come in a variety of sizes and types to suit the needs of different projects.


Overall, the history of planers is a testament to the ingenuity and innovation of woodworkers throughout the ages. These tools have played a vital role in the development of the woodworking industry and continue to be an important part of the trade today.

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